Humanitarian questions and human rights

2013

  • STUDY: Francisco Ferrándiz (Instituto de Lengua, Literatura y Antropología (ILLA) du Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales (CCHS) del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Madrid): Fosses communes, paysages de la terreur (pdf)

    The recent exhumation of mass graves from the Spanish Civil War and the Post-War years, mostly involving the largely abandoned graves of the Francoist rearguard, have become a central element in contemporary debates about the conflict and the regime following it. In this paper, the complexity and dynamism of this process is analysed, including from political and legal initiatives of great social and media impact to local actions on the ground, at times failed, ephemeral or almost imperceptible, but no less crucial.

 

 

 

2012

 

 

 

2011

 

 

 

 

 

2010

  • Rachel Nef (Humanitarian worker with asylum-seekers, Amnesty International, France): Quelle est l'influence des États membres sur la politique migratoire européenne ? (pdf) [What Influence Do EU Member States Have on Europe’s Migration Policy?]

    In Europe since the middle of the 1980’s, the numbers of refusals of requests for asylum, administrative and symbolic frontier closures and repressive laws on the right of residence and family regrouping have escalated rapidly. The leaders of the various countries concerned regularly offer the alibi that migration policies in Europe are laid down by the EU, which forces them to introduce these repressive policies. But in light of the legislative proposals recently adopted by Member States, it may be asked whether the EU is not merely the framework in which those States are establishing more and more restrictive policies.

 

 

  • Frédéric Casier (Legal Advisor / International Humanitarian Law Department, Belgian Red Cross): Les déplacements de population comme crise humanitaire : les conséquences sur la population, le droit applicable et la réponse humanitaire (pdf) [Population Displacements as Humanitarian Crises: Consequences for the Population, the Applicable Law and the Humanitarian Response]

    Displaced persons represent a complex humanitarian question, the complexity being due to the size of the populations concerned and the applicable legal framework. Displacement concerns both populations fleeing armed conflict and those fleeing natural disasters. Preventive and protective legal provisions concerning displaced persons are foreseen by international humanitarian law, which aims to limit the harmful consequences of armed conflicts. More specifically, it seeks to protect the victims of armed conflicts and limit the means and methods of combat. This article examines the humanitarian causes and consequences, the applicable legal framework and the humanitarian response by the Red Cross. (Definition broadly inspired by the International Red Cross Commission (IRCC): consultative services on international humanitarian law: “What is international humanitarian law?”; Droit international humanitaire – Réponses à vos questions [International Humanitarian Law Replies to your questions], Geneva, IRCC, April 2003, p. 4)

 

Additional information